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Posts published in “Ecology”

Ways to Conserve Water In the Home and Yard

Conserving water is an eco-friendly way to decrease the utility bills. Many of you waste the water in a daily use, and in a huge amount. Sometimes, people around the world don’t care if there is a leakage in their home. They prefer to waste water to fixtures the faucet or pipeline. You are going to read 10 ways to conserve water in the home and yard. You must apply the following water conservation tips;

  1. Ways to Conserve Water In the Home and YardFaucets and Pipe Leakages

Leakage seems nothing but if it is collected in a bucket then you will know how much the leak is dripping water per day. It is about 20 gallons wastage in 24 hours. Everyone should concern and fix this issue on time.

  1. Using Toilet as a Bin

Many of you use toilet as a bin and flow the trash through flush. Have you ever thought how much gallons of water do you trash with waste materials? It is about 5 to 7 gallons which is too much if you value the water seriously. It is better to use bin for garbage, not toilets.

  1. Washing Face or Brushing Teeth

While washing face or brushing teeth, most of us keep the faucets running. If each family member does the same then you can guess how much you are wasting the water. In this case, if you turn off the faucet then you can conserve many gallons of water per day.

  1. Washing Dishes and Cutlery

Kitchen faucet is the most using unit and a center point of water wastage in the home. Dried dishes, plates and cutlery consume more water than the fresh ones. It is better to wash your dishes by hand when there is no crusted on food. Also, don’t forget to turn off the faucet while washing dishes.

  1. Ways to Conserve Water In the Home and YardWatering to Plants and Lawn

Not every next home has lawn or yard in the world, but those who have big lawns should not let their lawns soaked. Watering your lawn timely once or twice a day is good, but soaking the lawn is obviously wastage of water.

  1. Washing Garages, Vehicles and Gates

Many people use pressure washers to wash the sidewalks, garages, gates even vehicles. Avoid using pressure washers because it is not only wasting water even if the pressure washer unit is electric then you are wasting electricity too. You can use broom to clean garages, clothe to clean gates and prefer waterless car wash to clean your vehicle.

Final Tips

Water saving effects on your utility bills, each home can save around 10 to 20 gallons per day if considered the water conservation tips discussed above. These 6 tips are the basic ones; you should consider yourself that what units you are having at home that consume water such as in-sink garbage disposals. They work better in huge amount of water. You can find such units’ alternatives, just as compost pile would be better to use if water concerned. And, low shower heads can be preferred to high shower heads.

How to Repair a Leaking Kitchen Faucet

When was the last time you had to ask yourself why you didn’t become a master plumber? Let me guess. Sometime around midnight. Last night. You were awakened by that awful “music” of dripping sound. The unknown artist was Mrs. Leaky Faucet. If you want to hush it for good, follow these easy steps and become a family handyman.

How to Repair a Leaking Kitchen FaucetSTEP 1:

  • Calm yourself down. Think of the result. Keep repeating:”I can do it!”
  • Make sure you are doing your job during the daytime so that you can rely on your neighbor’s help and replacement parts.
  • Keep in mind that you will have to identify which part of your kitchen faucet is causing a leaking.
  • It can be an O-ring but it can be a broken plumbing.
  • In the last case, you should better hire a professional plumber.


  • Equip yourself with the following tools:

-Adjustable wrench; C wrench

-Flat-head screwdriver

-Penetrating oil and replacement washers and O-rings.


  • Turn off the water supply under the sink and turn on the music. To keep you pretending that you love this adventure. Place some old cloth in the sink so to prevent dents and to collect dirt. Remove the handle with the flat head screwdriver. If possible cover it with a soft cloth so as not to damage the parts you are unwinding. Penetrating oil can help you in loosening it, allowing you to separate the faucet handle from the stem.


Be sure that you have removed all the parts of the handle knob, especially the decorative ones and that your “patient” is still “alive”.Use a flat-head screwdriver to accomplish this task. Unwind all the screws underneath the knob, the ones that connect handle and the stem. Now, loosen your packaging nut with a wrench. You will notice the stem. Remove it as well.


How to Repair a Leaking Kitchen FaucetCollect all the faucet parts you’ve unscrewed so far and see if any of them is damaged. If so, visit your local hardware store and buy new ones. If they are intact then you should double-check replacement washers and O- rings. Generally speaking, if the water leaks in the handle area, it is probably a corroded O ring, seat washer or a stem nut (ensuring a valve from uncontrolled drilling) that causes a problem. It means you are a lucky guy who has just identified the problem.


Once the problem is identified you must be sure that your replacement washers and O-rings are the perfect matches. If they do not fit the seat you will have to buy new ones and in different sizes: cone-shaped or flat. Your local hardware store salesman can advise you on these issues.


Now is the time to reassemble all the parts carefully. Stick to the following order: replacement washer, O-ring, stem, packing nut, screw, handle and cap. Slowly turn the knob to test the running water and see if the leaking has stopped.

If, after all the steps you have taken your kitchen faucet still leaks, then you will have to inspect your valve seat. Its corrosion may also pose a problem as well as warn-out parts or broken plumbing. If that is the case a professional plumber’s phone number is your last option to save water.

How Does a Flush Toilet Work

How Does a Flush Toilet WorkHave you ever wondered how the flush system of a toilet works? The flush mechanism is based on the principles of gravity and uses a simple system of water pressure, levers, siphons, valves and suction. Toilets are constructed of two main components: a toilet tank or cistern at the back and the toilet bowl or basin at the bottom which is covered by the seat. All of the important parts of the flush mechanism are hidden in the toilet tank which can be accessed by simply lifting up the ceramic lid. A standard toilet tank will contain several crucial components including: a float ball, a float rod, inlet valve, inlet tube, handle, piston and a siphon.

The toilet tank is filled with clean water through an inlet tube which is supplied and controlled by the inlet valve. Typical toilet tanks contain a float ball which is attached to a float rod. The ball is designed to float on the surface of the water. As the ball rises, the connected rod closes the inlet valve to turn off the water supply. When the toilet tank is full, the rod presses hard enough against the inlet valve to control the release of water from the inlet tube in order to prevent the tank overflowing.

U Shaped Siphon

How Does a Flush Toilet WorkWhen the toilet handle is pressed, a lever inside the toilet tank pulls up a plastic piston at the base of the cistern. This action creates suction in a U shaped siphon which forces water from the toilet tank to rush past the piston, through the siphon and into the toilet bowl. When the handle is released, the piston drops back into its original position ready for the handle to be pressed again. The suction mechanism empties the toilet tank fairly rapidly and causes the float ball to fall to the bottom of the tank. This means that the float rod releases the inlet valve and the toilet tank will be filled up again with fresh water from the inlet tube.

S Shaped Pipe

The clean water released through the suction action of the siphon is flushed from the toilet tank into the bowl. The rush of water will clean the sides of the toilet bowl and under the rim where it is difficult to access. The force of gravity pushes the excess liquid and any waste carried with it out through a bend in a short S shaped pipe which connects to the drain. Water flushed through the pipe will carry all waste with it which is then taken to a treatment plant or septic tank. Excess clean water released from the toilet tank will remain at the bottom of the toilet bowl ready for the next use. The S shaped bend in the sewage pipe traps bad odors from the drain pipe and sewage system. The S pipe also causes another suction action which assists in speeding up the flushing process.